[ad_1] Exploring the world’s first UNESCO Heritage sites

Exploring the world’s first UNESCO Heritage sites

Mar 9, 2024

Panchali Dey

The first list of World Heritage sites

Here, we take you on a virtual tour of heritage sites that were added in the first list in 1978.

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L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Park, Canada

Located in Newfoundland, Canada, it holds remnants of an 11th-century Viking settlement, the earliest evidence of European presence in North America. Designated a Viking site in 1977 and a World Heritage site a year later.

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Nahanni National Park, Canada

Set in Canada's Northwest Territories, along the South Nahanni and Flat Rivers, this place gained national park protection in 1972. The park features diverse rivers, waterfalls, granite peaks, canyons, a limestone cave system, and traces of ancient rivers.

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Galapagos Islands, Ecuador

The Galapagos Islands, 19 in total, and the adjacent marine reserve form a unique archipelago known for inspiring Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. The Galapagos Marine Reserve, established in 1986 and expanded in 1998, covers 133,000 sq km.

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City of Quito, Ecuador

Quito, Ecuador's capital, founded on Incan ruins in the 16th century, is a well-preserved historic center with Baroque-style landmarks like San Francisco and Santo Domingo.

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Simien National Park, Ethiopia

With incredible mountain peaks, deep valleys, and rare wildlife like the Walia ibex and Gelada baboon, this place is akin to the Grand Canyon, the park faces challenges from human and livestock resource demands.

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Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela, Ethiopia

In the 12th century, King Lalibela of Ethiopia created a ‘New Jerusalem,’ due to Muslim conquests hindering Christian pilgrimages. Today, Lalibela's churches and villages draw pilgrims from far and near.

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Aachen Cathedral, Germany

Originally a spa since the first century, it became Emperor Charlemagne's permanent residence and cultural center after he took control in AD 768. His Palatine Chapel is the first vaulted structure north of the Alps.

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Krakow’s historic center, Poland

Krakow, the former capital of Poland, traces its historic center back to the 13th century, originating as a merchants' town featuring Europe's largest market square and one of the oldest university quarters on the continent.

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